Testicular Cancer

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2,000 men are diagnosed annually in the United Kingdom with testicular cancer which is most likely to occur in men between the age of 19 and 44 years. It occurs more frequently in men with an undescended testicle (one in forty-four such men will develop the cancer) or who have a father or brother with it.

Signs and symptoms
A lump in one testicle or pain and tenderness in either, discharging or pus from the penis, blood in the ejaculation, a heavy or dragging feeling in the groin or scrotum, and enlargement of a testicle (one is often naturally larger than the other, but their size and shape should be similar). Men should examine themselves once a month; a warm bath helps testicles descend, which aids self-examination. Make an appointment to see your doctor if you experience any of these signs and symptoms.

What is the treatment?
Testicular cancer can be cured in about 96% of cases if caught early, usually by surgical removal of the testicle, but sometimes by radiotherapy. If the cancer spreads and chemotherapy is needed about 80% of cases are cured. Late diagnosis increases the risk of a poor response to treatment.

What are the consequences?
Should the affected testicle be removed, a prosthesis can be implanted. A remaining, healthy testicle can take up the slack in a man’s hormone production and fertility. For further information visit:

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