Gardening Year October flowers vegetables UK



Bindweed, the gardener ©

On this page we hope to keep you up to date with what to do in the garden throughout the year.

Gardening Year




Leaves will begin to fall and should be collected to make compost. Before the weather makes the soil into mud turn the soil with the spade or rotavator; the frosts that start this month will do the rest during the winter. Areas to be planted should be made ready to receive their plants. Design new flower gardens this month. Most designs start on the back of an envelope during spells spent supposed to be watching TV in the evenings. Try something different, experiment with new combinations of shape and colour. Colour schemes will need to be worked out. Lists will need to be made of seeds and plants to buy for next year. Repair and lay new lawns, and repair paths and walkways.



Clematis Ranunculaceae tangutica "yellow bell" with seed heads

Anemone beds should be got ready and the tubers planted. Make final plantings of bulbs. Seed gatherers should collect aster, hollyhock and dahlia seeds. The more adventurous will try their hand at raising pinks and carnations; depending on what they get next year will determine whether they try their hand at breeding new varities in the future. Dahlia tubers should be lifted and stored. Increase your stock of winter aconite by division. Gladioli corms should be lifted and stored for next year. Herbaceous plants may be increased by division and then replanted and the new plants moved to new positions. Exchange plants with your neighbours.

Cuttings of Bouvardias, Calceolarias, Cerastiums, Periwinkles, Phloxes, Ragwort, Roses, Salvias, various shrubs, Verbenas should be taken.

Sweet peas seeds should be sown.

Those biennial and perennial seedlings such as pansies.


plants underglass need protection at night as the frosts begin to bit. Avoid cold drafts through the greenhouse, automatic ventilators can avoid problems, but watch the temperature. Make sure that the plants you put in the greenhouse are free from disease and their containers have been cleaned. Pelargoniums need their leaves kept dry, so be careful when watering. Pinch out the tops of plants such as Clarkia, Schizanthus and Sweetpeas so that they bush out. Take cuttings of Calceolarias, and tidy up the camellias. If you want single specimen blooms debud the Perpetual Carnations and Chrysanthemums otherwise let them spray out.

Pot up Arum Lilies. After bulbs have been potted they should be shaded from strong light for a few days. Now is the time to pot up hardy and half hardy plants for displays. Try a miniature Rose in the house, or take some cuttings of pansies for indoor flowering.


Keep the ground free from weeds between the growing plants with the hoe. After the beans and peas have been harvested turn the soil over and leave it fallow over the winter so that the weather can do its work preparing the ground for next season. Any root vegetables, such as Carrots and Beetroot, should be lifted when their tops fade and any to be stored should be in good condition. Asparagus foliage should be cut down when mature. Cauliflowers grown from seed will need planting out and protected with glass. Onions and Turnip beds should be thinned. Clear the last of the potatoes and store them. Celery and leeks will need earthing up.

Corn salad and early peas in a warm part of the garden. You may still get a crop of Radishes and Lettuces if you sow now before the weather breaks.

Cabbage and lettuces can still be transplanted to a cold frame or warm border. Try some Rhubarb.


Cauliflower seedlings should be pricked out into trays and placed in frames; earlier sowing will need thinning. Endive and lettuce can be grown until Christmas by successional pricking out. If you like Rhubarb try lifting a root and planting in a warm dark place and you will extend your season. Mustard and Cress can still be grown in succession to supply the table throughout the winter. Those who like Parsley can lift a root or two and plant them in a cold frame.

Sow Radish and Tomato seeds.



Apple (Newton Wonder) Malus sylvestris, syn. M. pumila. Rosaceae

Look though the nursery catalogues and order fruit stock, then prepare the ground and remove stock to be replaced. Move any trees or bushes that are in the wrong place. Root pruning can be carried out on trees that are becoming too big. Apples and Pears can now be gathered. Apricots, Cherries, Currants and Gooseberries should be pruned and the cuttings burnt. Those with Figs should cut the old wood away to make room for new growth and remove the old fruit leaves. Loganberries and Raspberries should be planted and established plants should have the wood that has borne fruit removed to ground level. Strawberries should have unwanted runners removed to give away to friends rather than be thrown on the compost heap.


its replace and add time for new shrubs and trees. Deciduous stock should be moved as quickly as possible to encourage new root growth. Evergreens large or small can also be moved. Cuttings and layering can be carried out until the weather shows signs of a change for the cold to come.

Enjoy your days in the garden.

Gardening Year

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